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Sunday Newsletter 2001-14Su.

April 8, 2001.

Hello again everyone. I hope you enjoyed this Friday's Feature (if you subscribe to it). Look for the next one on May 4. Just a quick reminder to all those wishing either an alternate e-mail address, or for those without a computer at home who wish to check their e-mail at libraries or Internet cafes, that FactsCanada.ca offers a free e-mail service. Check out the specs by logging into our site at this link. So, if you want charlie@factscanada.com or MySecretAddress@factscanada.com, give it a try and see if the address of your dreams is available.



= Question of the week
= Biography -- Jacques Villeneuve
= Also born this week
= Notes from the notable -- Dave Barr
= Geek report
= Music trivia
= Place names -- Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
= Top ten list
= Escapes -- Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario
= Medical terminology
= Joke of the week
= Quote of the week
= About the governor general
= Words of the week
= Answer to this week's question
= Preview
= Links and resources
= Legal and subscription information



What is the Donner Prize? Answer near the bottom.



Jacques Villeneuve

Jacques is an auto racer who was born into a family of auto racers on April 9, 1971, in St-Jean-Sur-Richelieu, Quebec. Villeneuve spent his formative years around the sport, living mainly in Monaco where his father, Gilles Villeneuve, was based during his legendary Formula One (F1) racing career. The younger Villeneuve was barely eleven years old when his father died in a qualifying session for a race on May 8, 1982, but his fascination with speed and race cars was not diminished by the loss.

At 18 he began racing professionally and spent three years learning his trade on the highly competitive Formula Three (F3) circuit in Italy. He spent most of 1992 racing in Japan, placing second in the Japanese F3 drivers' standings. Already a determined and skilled driver at 21, he moved to Formula Atlantic in 1993 and established himself as one of the leading drivers on the circuit, winning 5 of 15 races and placing third in the series standings. His performance gained attention, and he was hired to drive the Players Limited car for Forsythe-Green Racing on the 1994 CART-PPG Indy Car circuit. (CART stands for Championship Auto Racing Teams. PPG is the Official Automotive Paint and Refinishing Supplier to CART.)

Villeneuve placed second at the famed Indianapolis 500 in 1994, and he won his first race at Road America later in the season. Amid rumours of his moving to F1, Villeneuve was a dominant force during the 1995 Indy Car season. He captured four victories, including a stunning win at the Indianapolis 500, and won the series driver championship, the youngest driver ever to win both and the first Canadian to win either. Villeneuve had matured into a supremely competent driver with a flair for the daring pass and the determination to coax the utmost from his car. His style was perfectly suited to the pressure of F1, and he joined the Williams Racing Team for the 1996 season.

Villeneuve adapted to F1 very quickly and won his first Grand Prix in only his fourth race -- the European Grand Prix at Nurburgring. He went on that year to win the Portuguese, Hungarian and British Grand Prix and finished second to Damon Hill in the overall F1 standings. In 1997 Villeneuve became the first North American to win the F1 racing championship. He had won the Luxembourg, Austrian, Hungarian, British, Spanish, Argentine and Brazilian Grand Prix that year.

Jacques had his worst year ever (in overall standings) in 1999 with a 21st place finish in the BAR (British American Racing) F1 circuit. Last year he drove in the F1 circuit for BAR-Honda.

A more detailed biography can be found at the Villeneuve site listed in today's resources, linked to at the end of the page. There are also some pictures of Jacques courtesy of reader (and Craig's mum) Carol Hartnett at this link.



Lois Miriam Wilson (ne Freeman), United Church Minister, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, April 8, 1927.

Walter Edward Foster, businessman, politician, premier of New Brunswick 1917-1923, born in St. Martin's, New Brunswick, April 9, 1873.

Richard Bennett Hatfield, politician, premier of New Brunswick 1970-1987, born in Woodstock, New Brunswick, April 9, 1931.

Daniel Johnson Sr., lawyer, premier of Quebec 1966-1968 (son was also premier), born in Ste-Anne-de-Danville, Quebec, April 9, 1915.

Tom Marshall, poet and critic, born in Niagara Falls, Ontario, April 9, 1938.

Anthony "Tony" Morse Urquhart, painter and sculptor, born in Niagara Falls, Ontario, April 9, 1934.

Jacques Villeneuve, auto racer, born in St-Jean-Sur-Richelieu, Quebec, April 9, 1971. (See biography above.)

William Annand, premier of Nova Scotia 1867-1875, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, April 10, 1808.

George Black, lawyer and commissioner of the Yukon Territory 1912-1918, born in Woodstock, New Brunswick, April 10, 1873.

Fraser MacPherson, jazz musician, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, April 10, 1928.

Patricia "Paddy" Lorraine Tutty, folk singer, song collector, born in Calgary, Alberta, April 12, 1953.

Dave Barr, golfer, born in Kelowna, British Columbia, April 13, 1952. (See "Notes from the Notable" below.)

Marilyn Bowring, poet and novelist, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, April 13, 1949.

Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George Cambridge Athlone, British Earl, soldier, governor general of Canada 1940-1946, born at Kensington Palace, London, England, April 14, 1874.

William "Bill" Richards Bennett, businessman, premier of British Columbia 1975-1986, son of W.A.C. Bennett (also a former premier of British Columbia), born in Kelowna, British Columbia, April 14, 1932.



Name: Dave Barr.

Place of Birth: Kelowna, British Columbia.

Date of Birth: April 13, 1952.

Vocation: Professional golfer.

Schooling: Attended Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, on a golf scholarship.

Turned Professional: 1974.

Victories include:
1981 Quad Cities Open in Coal Valley, Illinois, USA.
1983 World Cup in Jakarta, Indonesia.
1985 Canadian Professional Golfers Association Championship in Brampton, Ontario.
1985 World Cup team title (with Dan Halldorsan) in La Quinta, California, USA.
1987 Georgia-Pacific Atlanta golf classic, Atlanta, USA.

Claim to Fame: Finished tied for second in the 1985 US Open in Birmingham, Michigan, only one shot from the lead. That was the best finish ever at that point by a Canadian at any US Open.

Highest earnings: Although he never won a tournament in 1994, Dave amassed over US$300 000 and placed in the top 50 money earners during that year.

Gift to Canada: Heads the annual Dave Barr "Lend a Hand" golf tournament, the proceeds of which go to the deaf, blind and those afflicted with Rubella.



By Craig

The cool stuff just doesn't stop here at FactsCanada.ca. Last week I let you know that you can now search the FactsCanada.ca site. This makes it much easier to find stuff, especially if you can't remember which issue contains the information for which you are looking.

Now you can also search the entire Web from the FactsCanada.ca site. You even have the ability to restrict your searches to certain topics -- MP3s, for example. Just as with many of our other features, there is a box on every page (except the special-purpose pages like those in the map section and some of the search pages) from which you can search, making it very convenient to use. See more on the site at this link.

Last week I reported that I was updating the resources for a particular Sunday Newsletter that was published a few weeks ago. However, I made a mistake and referred to the wrong issue. I meant to tell you that I was updating the resources section for newsletter 2001-11Su. You can see these updated resources, many of which are books written by the biography subject that week (David Suzuki), at this link.

Finally, the message you have received today was delivered in a slightly different way than usual. I am experimenting with a way to have the newsletter sent out automatically by the FactsCanada.ca mail server at a certain time every Sunday. (This, of course, assumes that the human operator [me] has his act together and gives the server the work in time.) If you have noticed anything different about the format of this issue, please send me your observations so that I can evaluate the effectiveness of this project. You can reach me at craig@factscanada.ca . Thanks a bunch.



Here is this year's second instalment of music trivia of years gone by. In issue 2001-06Su I presented to you the records that reached number one in Canada in 1976. As promised, this second chapter in this ongoing feature highlights 1981.

The year lead off with a holdover from 1980 in John Lennon's "(Just Like) Starting Over", which spent the final two weeks of 1980 and the first five weeks of 1981 in the number-one position in our nation. Dethroning Lennon was none other than Blondie. Here's the list:

"The Tide is High", by Blondie.
"Woman", by John Lennon.
"Rapture", by Blondie.
"Morning Train (9 to 5)", by Sheena Easton.
"Bette Davis Eyes", by Kim Carnes.
"Medley", by Stars on 45.
"The One That you Love", by Air Supply.
"Gemini Dream", by The Moody Blues.
"Urgent", by Foreigner.
"Endless Love", a duet by Diana Ross and Lionel Richie.
"Start me Up", by The Rolling Stones.
"Private Eyes", by Daryl Hall and John Oates.
"Every Little Thing she Does is Magic", by The Police.
"My Girl (Gone Gone Gone)", by Chilliwack (who were originally formed in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1964).
"Young Turks", by Rod Stewart.

It was a four-way tie for the song that remained at number one the longest between John Lennon's "(Just Like) Starting Over" and "Woman", Sheena Easton's "Morning Train (9 to 5)", and Kim Carnes' "Bette Davis Eyes", all of which spent five weeks at the top. "Bette Davis Eyes" wins though for having remained on the chart for 13 weeks, bettering the second place finisher, "Morning Train (9 to 5)", by one week. So that's what captivated our nation musically twenty years ago!

As a bonus this week, here is a list of the number-one albums for each year during the Eighties:

1980 -- "The Wall", by Pink Floyd.
1981 -- "Double Fantasy", by John Lennon.
1982 -- "Business As Usual", by Men At Work.
1983 -- "Thriller", by Michael Jackson.
1984 -- "Thriller", by Michael Jackson.
1985 -- "Born in the USA", by Bruce Springsteen.
1986 -- "Whitney Houston", by Whitney Houston.
1987 -- "Slippery When Wet", by Bon Jovi.
1988 -- "Kick", by INXS.
1989 -- "The Raw and the Cooked", by Fine Young Cannibals.

As a double bonus, here is a list of the top-selling albums by a Canadian group or individual during the same time frame, indicating the year of release:

"Boy in the Box", by Corey Hart, 1985.
"Reckless", by Bryan Adams, 1985.
"Into the Fire", by Bryan Adams, 1987.
"Alien Shores", by Platinum Blonde, 1985.
"The Thin Red Line", by Glass Tiger, 1986.
"Fields of Fire", by Corey Hart, 1986.
"Great Dirty World", by Gowan, 1987.
"Grace Under Pressure", by Rush, 1984.
"Strange Animal", by Gowan, 1985.
"Cuts Like a Knife", by Bryan Adams, 1983.

I can't help but give a few more trivia details, so here they are:

- Gowan's full name is Lawrence Gowan and, although he grew up in the Toronto area, he was born in Scotland.
- Corey Hart was born Corey Mitchell Hart on May 31, 1962, in Montreal, Quebec.
- Bryan Adams originally played in the band known as Sweeney Todd.
- Platinum Blonde were a rock quartet formed in Toronto by Mark Holmes, Kenny MacLean, Sergio Galli and Chris Steffer.
- Glass Tiger was originally formed in Tokyo, Japan, by lead singer and Newmarket, Ontario, resident Alan Frew.
- Rush was originally formed back in 1969 by Toronto native Geddy Lee (born Gary Lee Weinrib).

I have listed sites for all of these performers in today's resources. Have a look.



Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Although the largest city in Saskatchewan, Saskatoon is not the capital city -- this distinction goes to the city of Regina. Saskatoon is situated in the rolling parklands on the banks of the northward flowing South Saskatchewan River, and is located 235 kilometres (by air) northwest of Regina. So how did Saskatoon come to be named?

In 1882 Commissioner John Neilson Lake headed a survey party that had arrived to survey and inspect the land. He founded a temperance colony and named it after the abundant local berry known as "Mis-Sask-quah-toomia" (a Cree word meaning "fruit of the much wood"). This sounded like "saskatoon" to him, and thus the English name of the berry and the name of the new colony were simultaneously born. Saskatoon became a town in 1903 and a city in 1906.

As an aside, if you ever get into a Costco location in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia (I can't speak for other parts of the country), they usually have a quantity of saskatoon berry jam on hand at a very good price. Try it. You will not be disappointed.

Please see today's resources for a map of Saskatoon.



British Columbian towns ranked by population:
#   City or community    National

 1. Vancouver             3
 2. Victoria             14
 3. Kelowna              29
 4. Nanaimo              38
 5. Price George         40
 6. Kamloops             42
 7. Vernon               56
 8. Penticton            60
 9. Williams Lake        76
10. Duncan               88



Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario

The Trans-Canada Highway bifurcates the park between the north and south entrances to the park. It's so easy to drive straight through, yet difficult to keep your eyes on the road, as the views tempt many a stare. At the very least you may as well stop for a picnic and a swim at one of the many lakes en route in the area. Since there are half a dozen short trails, you may wish to spend a couple of hours checking out some of the parks features.

Lake Superior Provincial Park is one of Ontario's largest parks and is situated on the world's largest body of fresh water. Originally accessible only by water, the Trans-Canada Highway now provides easy access for visitors and a wide variety of activities to please almost everyone.

The park was established in 1944 to preserve approximately 1600 square kilometres of rugged Lake Superior shoreline and Canadian Shield country. Hiking is the easiest way to explore the park, and there are several paths of varying degrees of difficulty to enlist. The park's showpiece, however, is Agawa Rock which is located a short but rugged 20-minute hike from the highway. Ojibwa images more than 2500 years old are depicted on the rock here.

Other short hikes include Trapper's Trail, an easy, 1.6-kilometre loop around Rustle Lake. The area supports a variety of wildlife such as the otter, beaver and marten. The six-kilometre Pinguisibi Trail (river of fine white sand), follows the Sand River, past a series of waterfalls and rapids. Nokomis Trail is a five-kilometre loop that leads through the Old Woman River valley and across ancient cobble beaches. A steep climb will lead you to a view of the Old Woman Bat Cliff.

Many other trails including the Orphan Lake Trail, the Towab Trail, the Awausee Lookout Trail and the Coastal Hiking Trail highlight this park's walking adventures.

The park has three campgrounds close to the highway, as well as 175 back-country sites which are accessible only by foot or canoe. You can contact the park at:

Lake Superior Provincial Park
P.O. Box 267
Wawa, ON P0S 1K0

Telephone: (705) 856-2284
Facsimile: (705) 856-1333

There's a link to a map of Lake Superior Provincial Park in today's resources.



Rubella -- A contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild symptoms of upper-respiratory infection, and a diffuse, fine, red rash lasting for short periods, usually three or four days. The disease is usually mild and self limiting; however, if contracted by a woman in early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to the fetus. There is no treatment; prevention is by rubella vaccine, usually given to children as part of a normal immunization program.



Categories for picking one's nose:

Deep Salvage Pick -- Reminiscent of the deep-sea exploration to find the Titanic ship, you probe deep into your nasal passages.

Utensil Pick -- When fingers, and even your thumb, just aren't enough to get the job done to your satisfaction.

Extra Pick -- When you have been digging for nuggets for hours upon hours and suddenly you hit the jackpot! Excitement only equalled by winning the lottery.

Depression Pick -- When you're sad, and the only way to fill the void is to pick so hard and fast that the agony overcomes your feeling of remorse and depression.

Pick a Lot -- What we would call abnormal amounts of picking. Anything in the three digit realm we consider a bit too much for a 24-hour time frame.

Kiddie Pick -- When you're by yourself and you uninhibitedly twist your forefinger into your nostril with childlike joy and freedom. The best part is, there's no time limit!

Camouflaged Kiddie Pick -- When, in the presence of other people, you wrap your forefinger in a tissue, then thrust it in deep and hold back the smile.

Fake Nose Scratch -- When you make believe you've got an itch but you're really trolling the nostril edge for stray boogers.

Making a Meal out of It -- You do it so furiously, and for so long, you're probably entitled to dessert.

Surprise Pickings -- When a sneeze or laugh causes snot to come hurling out of your nose, and you have to gracefully clean it off your shirt.

Autopick -- The kind you do in a car, when no one's looking. Can also mean automatic pick, the one you do when your not even thinking about it, at work, while talking to a co-worker, during a meeting....

Pick Your Brains -- Done in private, this is the one where your finger goes in so far, it passes the septum.

Pick and Save -- When you have to pick it quickly, just when someone looks away, and then you pocket the snot so they don't catch on to what you did.

Pick and Flick -- Snot now becomes a weapon against your sister and others in range around you.

Pick and Stick -- You wanted it to be a "Pick and Flick", but it stubbornly clings to your fingertip.

Pipe Cleaner Pick -- The kind where you remove a piece of snot so big, it improves your breathing by 90 percent.

My apologies to our more sensitive readers who are grossed out by this jeu d'esprit!



"From the days of earliest settlement the only form of society Canadians have known has been a monarchy. The native people themselves had a tribal idea of kingship. Our tradition of monarchy was French and British and became, as it now is, distinctly Canadian. In 1867 Canadians freely and deliberately reaffirmed their allegiance to the Monarchy. They have done so at each subsequent stage in their political development." --Queen Elizabeth II.



The governor general is the Queen of Canada's personal representative in Canada. Canada shares its monarch with many other countries -- countries with whom we have a common legal and constitutional history in the Commonwealth. Normally the Queen resides in her most ancient realm, the United Kingdom, but she is regularly present in her newer kingdoms around the world.

When the Queen is not in Canada, the governor general exercises the Queen's prerogative powers, as empowered by the Letters Patent issued by King George VI in 1947. These powers, however, belong to the Queen, not to the governor general. For example, the governor general represents the Queen in Parliament but is not a part of Parliament.

In addition, the governor general exercises certain other functions as allowed by Parliament as administrator of the Government of Canada on behalf of the Queen. The constitution of Canada recognizes two distinct positions: that of Queen and that of governor general. The position of governor general is subordinate to and derived from that of the Queen. Although the popular expression "head of state" is sometimes used to refer to both the Queen and to the governor general, the governor general as a representative of the Queen is clearly not a head of state -- although the governor general does carry out the duties of a head of state. Nor does the governor general advise the Queen, instead either acting as the Queen or as a channel of advice from the prime minister to the Queen.

The governor general has an extremely important function, although that is seriously impaired if the holder does not consciously carry it out as the representative of the Queen.



By Craig

Bifurwhaa?! That's what I said when I read John's "Escapes" article this week on Lake Superior Provincial Park in Ontario. I looked it up to save you the trouble.

bifurcate -- (verb) divide into two parts or branches. -- (adjective) divided into two branches; forked.

prerogative -- (noun) a right or privilege that nobody else has. -- (adjective) being or giving a prerogative.

temperance -- (noun) 1. moderation in action, speech, habits, etc. 2. moderation in the use of alcoholic drinks. 3. the principle and practice of not using alcoholic drinks at all.



What is the Donner Prize?

The Donner Prize is a fairly new literary award for the best book on Canadian public policy. The exceptional titles that have been short-listed for this year's prize include:

- Alan C. Cairns for "Citizens Plus: Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian State" (UBC Press).
- David R. Cameron and Graham White for "Cycling into Saigon: The Conservative Transition in Ontario" (UBC Press).
- Ken Coates for "The Marshall Decision and Native Rights" (McGill-Queen's University Press).
- Tom Flanagan for "First Nations? Second Thoughts" (McGill-Queen's University Press).
- Daniel Madar for "Heavy Traffic: Deregulation, Trade, and Transportation in North American Trucking" (UBC Press).
- Fred McMahon for "Retreat From Growth: Atlantic Canada and the Negative-Sum Economy" (Atlantic Institute for Market Studies).
- F.L. Morton and Rainer Knopff for "The Charter Revolution & the Court Party" (Broadview Press).

The winner will be awarded a $25 000 prize and the two runners-up will each receive $10 000. The winners will be announced at the awards dinner at the Art Gallery of Ontario on May 8, 2001.



We never rest here at FactsCanada.ca. Our ambitious lineup for you next week includes profiles of Joseph-Armand Bombardier and Rick Moranis, information on Gatineau Park in Quebec, a humorous look at cryogenics, an article on the meteorite that landed on Tagish Lake last year, words from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency on keeping Canada free of foot-and-mouth disease, an announcement from the Queen, a profile of the Royal Geographical Society Islands, Nunavut, and maybe the ten longest words in the English language.


While I write almost all of the Sunday Newsletter (except for Craig's occasional contribution), Craig takes care of the technical aspects of maintaining the mailing list, sending out the newsletters to the mailing list, and updating the Web site. For the next five issues (including the May Friday Feature) Craig will be "out of town" (so to speak) and in places where he is not guaranteed access to the Internet every Sunday. (This is the reason for his automation project which he mentions above.) On top of this I am going to be working about 80 hours per week (not including the time to research and write the newsletter) until early May. These two situations combined mean that our newsletter will probably be a little more "concise" than usual during this period, and that our preview (if it even gets included in the actual newsletter) will not necessarily be as complete or as accurate as it usually is. I just wanted to give you some advance notice of this.



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