[an error occurred while processing this directive] FactsCanada.ca — Sunday Newsletter 2001-49Su
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Sunday Newsletter 2001-49Su.

December 9, 2001.

[Craig] I have a favour to ask of you. At the end of this newsletter you have probably seen some links that are there in every issue but which, if you're like me, you just skip over. One of them is to our "Canadian Picture of the Week", which we also provide as one of our "webfeeds" for webmasters. We need pictures for this feature. If you have some pictures that are your own (i.e., not from another Web site you found on the Internet), would like to show them to the world, and they are related to Canada in some way, then I'd love to hear from you. Please send your pictures to me at pics@factscanada.ca. Please include some descriptive information and tell us who you are so that we can give you credit. We don't really want to get into the hassles of model releases, so we'd prefer pictures of scenery, buildings, animals and the like in which there are no identifiable people. Also, please don't send pictures of celebrities. Other than that, send us what you'd like and we'll use as many as we can. Thanks!



\ Question of the week
\ Biography — Emily "M." Carr
\ Quote of the week
\ Place names — Midland, and Mundy's Bay, Ontario
\ Joke of the week
\ Festive food information
\ Inflation, Christmas style
\ Christmas carols
\ Answer to this week's question
\ Preview
\ Links and resources
\ Legal and subscription information



America's movie industry celebrates its best of the best on an annual basis by honouring its films with an Academy Award, or "Oscar". My question is: What is Canada's equivalent award? The answer is to be found near the bottom.



Emily "M." Carr

Painter, writer and potter, Emily Carr accomplished much during her lifetime, including attaining honorary membership in Canada's "Group of Seven" painters, an influential group whose works defined much of Canada's emergence in art circles. However, most of her accomplishments were not recognized until after her death. In fact, Ms. Carr spent her last days at a home for the elderly and infirm, run by the Sisters of the Love of Jesus, in a building which is today known as the James Bay Inn. (The inn is located in the Beacon Hill area of Victoria, BC, near the province's legislature buildings.) It was here that Emily Carr died on March 2, 1945. She was buried in the Carr family plot at the Ross Bay Cemetery in Fairfield, another Victoria-area community.

Carr is an artist who is closely associated with British Columbia. Born on December 13, 1871, in Victoria, British Columbia, Emily grew up in a disciplined and orderly household run by her English parents. She seemed to be a child of independent spirit and her artistic evolution was hampered by the upbringing she endured. Having only one younger brother, but four older sisters, she referred to herself as "The Small", which became part of the title of a 1942 memoir. Emily Carr actually had no middle name. The initial "M" which she used to sign her art work (e.g., "E.M.C.", "M. Emily Carr", or "M.E. Carr") refers to her family nickname, "Millie". She used the initial "M" to distinguish herself from her mother, Emily Saunders Carr, and her sisters, Edith and Elizabeth Carr.

She was orphaned in her teens and followed her heart to San Francisco in 1891 to study art at the California School of Design, escaping her older sister's strict rule. Upon her return from the USA two years later she set up a studio and started art classes for children.

In 1899 Millie ventured to England on a study trip, but this did little to advance her art. While there, a lengthy bout of depression resulted in her stay at a sanitarium until 1904. She then returned home, but made another, more beneficial, trip abroad six years later when she journeyed to France. She returned home in the autumn of 1911 imbued with a vigorous, colourful, post-impressionist style of painting. The new approach marked the end of her earlier English watercolour style.

By 1913 Emily had produced a large amount of work on the Native Indian theme but, unable to live off the sales of her art, she built a small apartment house in Victoria and spent most of the next 15 dispirited years managing it so that she could support herself.

Due to the setbacks and disillusionment suffered earlier on in her career, lack of encouragement, and having always to scramble for financial support outside the realm of her chosen profession (not to mention her bout of depression), she painted very little between the years 1912 to 1927. Then, in 1927, some of her work was included in a National Gallery exhibition. She travelled east for its opening and met members of the "Group of Seven". Seeing their work, and being encouraged by them (especially through a long correspondence with member Lawren Harris), gave her renewed determination to paint. For the next 14 years she refined and expanded her understanding and expression of the spirit of the landscape.

A heart attack in 1937 signalled the start of her declining health, and she began to devote more time to writing. In 1941 she published "Klee Wyck" which garnered her the Governor General's award. This was followed by "The Book of Small", a last few paintings, and "The House of All Sorts", which was published in 1944. Works published posthumously included, "Growing Pains", "The Heart of a Peacock", "Pause" and "Hundreds and Thousands". Her journals where also published after her death.

Although "The Group of Seven" was disbanded in 1932, a part of its legacy was the formation of a national organization for the support and promotion of modern art in Canada — a so-called Canadian Group of Painters. The subject matter studied by these artists was diverse, including the exploration of particular regions of the country, urban and industrial subjects, and the pursuit of abstractive as well as figurative painting.

My thanks to Jan Ross at The Emily Carr House Gift Shop and Interpretation Centre, which is located at:

207 Government Street
Victoria, BC V8V 2K8
Telephone: +1-250-383-5843

Emily Carr House
Emily Carr At Home and At Work
Ross Bay Cemetery



"It is wonderful to feel the grandness of Canada in the raw, not because she is Canada but because she's something sublime that you were born into, some great rugged power that you are a part of." —Emily Carr.



Midland, and Mundy's Bay, Ontario

This town boasts a 1996 census population of 15 035. There doesn't seem to be a specific reason for the name "Midland", other than the fact that it is located on Midland Bay, an inlet in the Georgian Bay landscape. It is about 145 kilometres north, by road, of Toronto. It is located in Simcoe County and was granted its charter status in 1890. It was first settled around 1878 after the Midland Railway of Canada (based in Port Hope, Ontario) laid out its town site plans in 1872 and 1873 at Mundy's Bay. After the first train arrived in 1879, Midland became the principal shipping centre for the south end of the Georgian Bay region.

Mundy's Bay, named after Asher Mundy who had settled into the area around 1829, presents a clearer picture however. The Midland area first carried with it the moniker "Aberdale", and was named after the home town of the Welsh wife of Thomas Gladstane — Midland's first postmaster. This changed in 1872, however, when the railway company president, Baron Adolf von Hugel, changed it to Midland.

FactsCanada.ca map of Midland, Ontario
FactsCanada.ca map of Mundy's Bay, Ontario



Sorry, but I can resist no longer the cry of the dumb blond(e) joke.

Why do blond(e)s like the GST?

Because they can spell it!



What size turkey do you need?

For turkeys weighing less than 12 pounds, plan to purchase 1 pound per person being served. If your turkey weighs more than 12 pounds, you will only need 3/4 pound for each guest. With boneless breast of turkey, allow for 1/2 pound per person. Breast of turkey, bone in, look at 3/4 pound per person. Generally a 16-20 pound turkey will feed 10, with leftovers for later pickings. Figure on a 20-24 pound turkey for 16 people.

How long should it be cooked? (So that everything lines up properly, you will need to view the table below with a fixed-width font such as Courier.)
Weight  Weight    Un-stuffed     Stuffed
 (lbs)   (kg)      Cooking Time   Cooking Time
 8-12   3.6-5.5   2:45-3:00      3:00-3:30
12-14   5.5-6.4   3:00-3:45      3:30-4:00
14-18   6.4-8.2   3:45-4:15      4:00-4:15
18-20   8.2-9.1   4:15-4:45      4:15-4:45
20-24   9.1-10.1  4:30-5:00      4:45-5:15
For additional help and ideas regarding your turkey, you can call the following hotlines: Butterball, 1-800-323-4848, Foster Farms, 1-800-255-7227, and Reynolds, 1-800-745-4000.

You did want leftovers, right? Each year the holiday season brings with it tales of woe that usually are the result of improper food handling practices. So, to help you plan for a safe and secure festive season, here are some great tips. These are for all of your leftovers, not just turkey:
  1. You must store your leftovers promptly and properly.
  2. Do not leave the feast remains out for more than two hours.
  3. Separate all leftovers into shallow containers. This allows for quick cooling. Refrigerate or freeze promptly.
  4. Stuffing removed during the meal, should be placed in its own, separate container. Ditto for the turkey and gravy. Use the stuffing and gravy within two days.
  5. Remove any remaining turkey meat from the bones and prepare it for freezing or plan on using it within the next 2-3 days. Frozen turkey should be used within the next 6 months.
  6. When serving up leftovers, reheat to at least 75 degrees Celsius (165 degrees Fahrenheit). Bring to a slow boil any soups or sauces.



There are "Twelve Days of Christmas", as the song goes. How much would it cost to bring the song's gifts to today's Christmas tree? Here is a breakdown of some research into the matter.

For the 12 days it would most likely cost (at non-union rates — musicians and dancers don't come cheap and hopefully you already have some of the accessories such as pear trees and the like):

Day one: A partridge in a pear tree, $ 42.
Day two: Two turtle doves @ $41 each = $82.
Day three: Three French hens @ $23 each = $69.
Day four: Four calling birds @ $10 each = $40.
Day five: Five golden rings @ $450 each = $2250.
Day six: Six geese-a-laying @ $27 each = $162.
Day seven: Seven swans-a-swimming @ $77 each = $539.
Day eight: Eight maids-a-milking @ $16 per hour each = $128.
Day nine: Nine ladies dancing @ $24 per hour each = $216.
Day ten: Ten lords-a-leaping @ $22 per hour each = $220.
Day eleven: Eleven pipers piping @ $38 per hour each = $418.
Day twelve: Twelve drummers drumming @ $41 per hour each = $492.

This venture would cost your true love more than $5000, including GST, and assuming that you only wanted one hour of entertainment from each of the hourly-paid entertainers. Quite an extravagant gift.



As a service to you, our loyal reader, we have published the lyrics of the following Christmas carols on the FactsCanada.ca Web site at this link:

"O Christmas Tree."
"We Wish you a Merry Christmas."
"Jingle Bells."
"Winter Wonderland."
"'Twas in the Moon of Winter Time."
"Silent Night."
"Oh Holy Night."
"Angels we Have Heard on High."
"Away in a Manger."
"The First Noel."
"God Rest you Merry Gentlemen."
"Hark! The Herald Angels Sing."
"Good King Wenceslas."
"What Child is This?"
"Oh Come, All ye Faithful."
"Deck the Halls."
"O Little Town of Bethlehem."
"We Three Kings of Orient Are."
"The Twelve Days of Christmas."
"Go Tell it on the Mountain."
"Joy to the World."

We hope you enjoy.



What is Canada's answer to the Oscars? Presented by the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, the "Genies", as they are known, celebrate outstanding achievement in Canadian film. The Academy, created in 1979, established the award and its innovative name to replace the old, and somewhat outdated, generic Canadian Film Awards.



Next Sunday John makes a Christmas appeal, profiles Wilf Carter, tells you about Mandarin oranges, cracks a farming joke, profiles Hudson Bay, tells you about some changes to place names that took place in BC last year, and gives you a recipe for a nice drink.


[John] Only two weeks left until Christmas eve. I hope you are making progress with your shopping. Like the Christmas mailing deadlines I gave you three weeks ago, and this week's link to the lyrics of many Christmas carols, I intend to continue the trend next week with a little more on Christmas. Yes, FactsCanada.ca will publish an issue on Sunday, December 23. That issue I intend to devote entirely to Christmas and stories of Christmas in Canada.



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